January 12, 2024

Applications of Cryogenics

The development of cryogenic technology has revolutionized and advanced numerous industries. Today, liquid helium, oxygen and other gasses perform critical functions in health care, aerospace and defense and many other sectors.

Uses of Cryogenics in Health Care

Health-related organizations routinely use cryogenics for multiple needs, including:

  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): These machines rely on cryogenic cooling with liquid helium to capture images that promote accurate diagnosis and precise treatment deliverables.
  • Specimen and embryo storage: Researchers cryogenically preserve blood, tissue and fertilized embryos for future research, experimentation or implantation.
  • Pharmaceutical manufacturing: Drug manufacturers turn to cryogenics to produce statin drugs with low-temperature chemical reactions and freeze-dry medications for preservation.
  • Cryosurgery: Physicians use liquid nitrogen or argon to remove warts, tumors or other abnormal tissues with minimally invasive techniques and improved clinical outcomes.

Cryogenic Applications in the Aerospace and Defense Industries

Cryogenics is vital in producing the liquid oxygen and hydrogen fuels powering aerospace vehicles.

Additionally, these vehicles undergo extreme temperature changes as they travel in higher altitudes or outer space. Cryogenic cooling is an efficient way to maintain a consistent temperature. This approach needs minimal energy to keep the accurate environment required for sensitive electronic systems and support dependable performance. The technology also has low upkeep needs with fewer moving parts.

In defense applications, cryogenics is typical for cooling infrared cameras.

Other Industrial Applications for Cryogenics

Many other industries rely on cryogenic technology for efficiency, safety and research, including:

  • Food preservation: This approach helps extend a food’s shelf life during storage and transport, maintain its integrity and reduce the risk of microorganism growth.
  • Electric power transmission: Superconductors exposed to cryogenic cooling can support big-city power transmission demands efficiently.
  • Physics research: Cryogenic facilities like the Cold Atom Laboratory (CAL) provide a space to study and test quantum mechanics, microgravity environments and the formation of exotic states of matter.
  • Cost-effective transportation: Cryogenics allows for substances like Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) to be compressed and use less space for lower transport costs.
  • Entertainment and gastronomy: These gasses can produce special effects like fog or inventive foods and cocktails.
  • Cryomilling and recycling: Ultra-low-temperature freezing can help make challenging materials more malleable or break down large pieces for easier recycling.

Trust Chase Filters & Components for Filtering Solutions in Cryogenic Applications

Our lineup of cryogenic filters provides confident particulate and contaminant removal, drawing from over 30 years of industry experience and engineering expertise. Popular choices include the 51-Series T-type, the 31-Series In-line and the 21-Series Mini In-line filters. Chase Filters & Components can also custom-design a solution for unique needs.

Contact a team member for more information or product advice.